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پست های ویژه دانشیار

شیوه تماس با دانشیار

 

چاپ مقاله ISI

 

DR. Majid Aghlmand

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عنوان فارسی:
بررسی روش های یادگیری زبان مبتنی بر تکلیف بر مهارت شفاهی دانش آموزان دبیرستانی در زبان فرانسه به عنوان یک زبان خارجی

عنوان انگلیسی:


Examination of Task-Based Language Learning Methods on High School Students' Oral Proficiency in French as a Foreign Language

 

Abstract
This mixed methods study examines the difference in high school foreign language learners’ acquisition of French oral proficiency skills by types of task. This study also examines the roles of the student learners and the teacher in developing oral proficiency skills during two different types of tasks in the high school foreign language classroom, namely the power of the social interactions between learner groups and between learners and teacher in developing oral proficiency. Over the course of an eight-week unit of study, three participating French 2 classes and one participating French teacher completed a prescribed series of speaking tasks. Class one completed only information gap tasks. Class two completed only dictogloss tasks. Class three alternated each task types every other week. Learner pre- and post-test scores were collected from the World Languages Department’s speaking test for the unit. ANOVA was conducted using the quantitative data collected. While no significant differences were present between classes, qualitative findings indicate that the learners and the teacher have created powerful constructs of learning and that students were able to progress conversational skills across a unit of study. Teacher interviews, classroom observations, and video transcripts display the scaffolding of learning inside the classroom and lend insight to the roles of the learners and the teacher in the development of high school foreign language learner oral proficiency skills. The findings of the study suggest that the tasks, implemented through social interactions in the classroom, and constructed by the teacher’s purposeful design, support foreign language learner oral proficiency development. The manner in which the participating teacher in this study implemented the taught curriculum demonstrates the influence of scaffolding, support systems, and the ability of learners to take ownership over their learning.

 

عنوان فارسی:
درک دیدگاه مربیان آموزش زبان فرانسه در مهدکودک مبتنی بر بازی

عنوان انگلیسی:


Understanding Educator Perspectives of French Language Instruction in Play-Based Kindergarten

Abstract
This study examined issues related to additional language acquisition in French Immersion play-based kindergarten contexts, from the perspective of educators. Little is currently known about the impacts of play-based kindergarten on children in French Immersion programs in Ontario; the Kindergarten Curriculum does not address specific considerations with regards to Immersion students. The overarching research question for the study (RQ1) asks: How do play-based kindergarten programs impact student acquisition of French language skills, as perceived by French Immersion educators? Two additional sub-questions, (RQ2 and RQ3), guide this study. RQ2 asks: How do French Immersion kindergarten teachers and ECEs plan for and deliver meaningful French language instruction within a play-based setting? RQ3 asks: Which specific French language outcomes do educators expect kindergarten children to have achieved by the end of kindergarten? This study followed a basic qualitative design, using an online qualitative questionnaire to collect data. Participants included a purposeful sample of French Immersion kindergarten teachers (10) and early childhood educators (3) from one board in eastern Ontario. General inductive analysis was used to analyse responses. Findings indicate that educators are purposeful and intentional in teaching the French language, and there is a fine balance between direct instruction and play-based learning. A wide variety of approaches to play-based learning and additional language acquisition were described by participants, suggesting a need for consistent, clear expectations for educators. Ongoing professional learning for educators is needed. Future research is recommended to study an ideal entry point for early immersion programs. This study examined issues related to additional language acquisition in French Immersion play-based kindergarten contexts, from the perspective of educators. Little is currently known about the impacts of play-based kindergarten on children in French Immersion programs in Ontario; the Kindergarten Curriculum does not address specific considerations with regards to Immersion students. The overarching research question for the study (RQ1) asks: How do play-based kindergarten programs impact student acquisition of French language skills, as perceived by French Immersion educators? Two additional sub-questions, (RQ2 and RQ3), guide this study. RQ2 asks: How do French Immersion kindergarten teachers and ECEs plan for and deliver meaningful French language instruction within a play-based setting? RQ3 asks: Which specific French language outcomes do educators expect kindergarten children to have achieved by the end of kindergarten? This study followed a basic qualitative design, using an online qualitative questionnaire to collect data. Participants included a purposeful sample of French Immersion kindergarten teachers (10) and early childhood educators (3) from one board in eastern Ontario. General inductive analysis was used to analyse responses. Findings indicate that educators are purposeful and intentional in teaching the French language, and there is a fine balance between direct instruction and play-based learning. A wide variety of approaches to play-based learning and additional language acquisition were described by participants, suggesting a need for consistent, clear expectations for educators. Ongoing professional learning for educators is needed. Future research is recommended to study an ideal entry point for early immersion programs.
 

 

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درباره دانشیار

سال 1388را می توان آغاز فعالیت گروه دانشیار در زمینه تحقیق و پژوهش دانست. ایجاد تغییر و شرایطی بهتر، قرار دادن پژوهشگران برمسیری آسان تر، آموزش، راهنمایی و مشاوره و حذف محدودیت‌ها، تحریم ها و هر آنچه مانعی جهت رشد علم ایجاد می کند، اهداف، آرمان و دلیلی است که باعث راه اندازی دانشیار شد. در دانشیار مشاور و راهنما هستیم و سعی داریم اطلاعات ارزشمندی را منتشر سازیم. اطلاعاتی که باعث تسریع پروسه تحقیق و پژوهش شود. خدمات تخصصی بسیاری در دانشیار ارائه می گردد. این خدمات به صورت ویژه به محققین، پژوهشگران و اعضای هیات علمی ارائه می شود.   ادامه مطلب

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